Market Anarchism is the doctrine that the few legitimate adjudicative and protective functions unjustly and inefficiently monopolised by the coercive State should be entirely turned over to the voluntary, consensual forces of society.
The first explicit defender of this position was the 19th-century economist and social theorist Gustave de Molinari. The idea was taken up by the individualist anarchists, particularly those mutualists associated with Benjamin Tucker’s journal Liberty such as Voltairine de Cleyre and Dyer D Lum.
More recently, Market Anarchism has been used by a number of diverse thinkers. A variety of terms from “anarcho-capitalism” to “voluntary socialism” have been associated with the wider Market Anarchist tradition. C4SS is an anti-capitalist project.